Towards new human rights in the age of neuroscience and neurotechnology
Life Sciences, Society and Policy, Marcello Ienca and Roberto Andorno, 26 April 2017
Abstract: Rapid advancements in human neuroscience and neurotechnology open unprecedented possibilities for accessing, collecting, sharing and manipulating information from the human brain. Such applications raise important challenges to human rights principles that need to be addressed to prevent unintended consequences. This paper assesses the implications of emerging neurotechnology applications in the context of the human rights framework and suggests that existing human rights may not be sufficient to respond to these emerging issues. After analysing the relationship between neuroscience and human rights, we identify four new rights that may become of great relevance in the coming decades: the right to cognitive liberty, the right to mental privacy, the right to mental integrity, and the right to psychological continuity.
Ethics, Human Rights, Life Sciences Society and Policy, Neuroethics, Neuroscience, Neurotechnology
New human rights to protect against 'mind hacking' and brain data theft proposed: A response to advances in neurotechnology that can read or alter brain activity, new human rights would protect people from theft, abuse and hacking
The Guardian Wed 26 Apr 2017 06.26 EDT Last modified on Wed 26 Apr 2017 08.54 EDT
New human rights that would protect people from having their thoughts and other brain information stolen, abused or hacked have been proposed by researchers.
The move is a response to the rapid advances being made with technologies that read or alter brain activity and which many expect to bring enormous benefits to people’s lives in the coming years.
Much of the technology has been developed for hospitals to diagnose or treat medical conditions, but some of the tools – such as brainwave monitoring devices that allow people to play video games with their minds, or brain stimulators that claim to boost mental performance – are finding their way into shops.
But these and other advances in neurotechnology raise fresh threats to privacy and personal freedom, according to Marcello Ienca, a neuroethicist at the University of Basel, and Roberto Andorno, a human rights lawyer at the University of Zurich. Writing in the journal Life Sciences, Society and Policy, the pair put forward four new human rights that are intended to preserve the brain as the last refuge for human privacy. . . .
Brain, Cognitive Liberty, Ethics, Human Rights, Mental Integrity, Mental Privacy, Military, Mind Hacking, Neuroethics, Neuroscience, Neurotechnology, Personal Freedom, Privacy, Psychological Continuity
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